PA 5985: Physical Election Security

2 CreditsOnline Available

U.S. Homeland Security designated election security as a “critical infrastructure” after threats from foreign governments, and collaborates with states in detecting and responding to foreign interference. This course will provide students with a deeper understanding of the current security context and best practices and processes for physically safeguarding elections based on 2016 and 2020. Students will learn the difference between physical and cyber threats to U.S. systems; tangible steps to protect election offices and their equipment; the use of audits to ensure the accuracy of elections; the integration of security into vendor relationships; and the connection between physical election security and citizen trust in elections. Content will be explored through readings (including government documents and studies), videos, discussions, and writing assignments.

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All Instructors

A- Average (3.533)Most Common: A (55%)

This total also includes data from semesters with unknown instructors.

11 students
  • 4.00


  • 3.75


  • 4.50


  • 4.25


  • 4.25



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